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Lambretta Model A B C Lc D Ld E F Tv Li J Gt Lui Vega Cometa Gp Dl Sx Innocenti
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Useful info about the History of the Lambretta
In 1922, Ferdinando Innocenti of Pescia built a steel-tubing factory in Rome. In 1931, he took the business to Milan where he built a better factory producing seamless steel tubing and employing about 6,000. Throughout the Second World War, the factory was heavily bombed and destroyed. It is said that surveying the ruins, Innocenti saw the future of cheap, private transport and decided they would develop a motor scooter - competing on cost and weather protection with the ubiquitous motorcycle.
The leading stimulus for the design style of the Lambretta and Vespa dates back to Pre-WWII Cushman scooters produced in Nebraska, USA. These olive green scooters were in Italy in huge numbers, ordered originally by Washington as field transport for the Paratroops and Marines. The United States military had used these to Nazi defence tactics of destroying roads and bridges while in the Dolomites (an area of the Alps) and also the Austrian border areas.
Aeronautical engineer General Corradino D'Ascanio, in charge of and construction of the first modern helicopter by Agusta, was handed the job by Ferdinando Innocenti of designing a simple, robust and affordable vehicle. It had to be easy to drive for women and men , have the capacity to carry a passenger but not get its driver's clothes soiled.
Design and style
D'Ascanio, who hated motorbikes, created a revolutionary vehicle. It had been built on a spar frame which also has a handlebar gear change and the engine mounted directly onto the rear wheel. The front protection "shield" kept the rider dry and clean when compared with the open front end on motorcycles. The pass-through leg area design was intended for women, as wearing dresses or skirts made riding conventional motorcycles difficult. The front fork, just like an aircraft's landing gear, allowed for quick wheel changing. The internal mesh transmission eliminated the regular motorcycle chain, a source of dirt and oil. This basic design allowed a series of features to get deployed around the frame which could later allow quick continuing development of new models.
However, General D'Ascanio fell out with Innocenti, who rather than a moulded and beaten spar frame wanted to produce his frame from rolled tubing, allowing him to revive both parts of his prewar company. General D'Ascanio disassociated himself with Innocenti and took his design to Enrico Piaggio who produced the spar-framed Vespa from 1946 on.
Going on a year longer to create, the 1947 Lambretta featured a rear pillion seat for a passenger or optionally a storage compartment. Original front protection "shield" was really a flat piece of aero metal; later this developed into a twin skin permitting additional storage on the 'back of'/behind the front shield, similar to the glove compartment in a car. The fuel cap was beneath the (hinged) seat which saved the cost associated with an additional lock in the fuel cap or requirement for additional metal work on the smooth skin.
Deriving the name Lambretta from the small river Lambro in Milan, which ran near to the factory, Innocenti started construction the Lambretta scooters in 1947 - one year afterwards Piaggio started manufacture of its Vespa models. Lambrettas were manufactured under licence in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, India and Spain, sometimes under other names but always to a recognizable design (e.g. Siambretta in South America and Serveta in Spain).
BLMC closure of Innocenti
As wealth increased in Western Europe through the late 1960s, the need for motor scooters fell since the small car became accessible to lots more people and Lambretta did start to struggle financially as did parent Innocenti. The British Leyland Motor Corporation took advantage of Innocenti's financial difficulties as well as their production and engineering expertise and contracted Innocenti to produce cars under licence from BLMC. The Innocenti Mini used the mechanical parts of the original but was in many ways superior to it.
Innocenti/Lambretta was eventually sold to BLMC. Unfortunately, lack of foresight had caused BLMC to join a fashion trend which had been ending rapidly. Long industrial strikes in BLMC ensued; motor-scooter sales took a nosedive, and both Innocenti and Lambretta shut up shop in 1972.
Automobile Products of India / Scooters India Ltd Industry Scooter
Headquarters Bombay / Lucknow, India
Products Lambretta, Lamby, Vijay, Vikram, Lambro
Website Scooters India
The Indian government bought the factory for fundamentally the same reasons that Ferdinando Innocenti had built it following the War. India was really a country with poor infrastructure, economically not prepared for small private cars yet having a need for private transport.
Automobile Products of India (API) began assembling Innocenti-built Lambretta scooters in India after independence around the 1950s. They eventually acquired a licence to build the Li150 Series 2 model, this was sold using the Lambretta Series 2 name until about 1976 and eventually changed the name to Lamby for legal reasons as Scooter India Ltd acquired the total Innocenti Unit in 1972. API also built the trademark model [API-175] 3 wheeler that was based on Innocenti's Lambro. API continued to produce Lambretta-derived models prior to the 1980s but have been non-operational since 2002.
In 1972, Scooters India Ltd. (SIL) a state-run enterprise based in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, bought the complete Lambretta manufacturing and trademark rights. Former Innocenti employees were used to establish an Indian factory as most of the manuals and machinery instructions were in Italian. The first scooter built was the Vijay Delux/DL, which was badged the Lambretta GP150 in export markets. This sold poorly thanks to build problems and was enhanced to become the Vijay Super. Further improvements were manufactured in the final years of production by incorporating a contemporary Japanese CDI unit and a sophisticated front suspension. SIL also distributed CKDs that were assembled in numerous parts of India and sold as the Allwyn Pusphak, Falcon, and Kesri. These were of a lower quality than the SIL produced models and sometimes incorporated significant styling changes.
SIL production seems to have peaked during the financial year 1980-1981, with around 35,000 scooters being built. However by 1987 this had dropped close to 4,500 units with production finally ceasing in 1997. As of 2010 S.I.L.'s production now centres on the Vikram 3-wheeler, powered by the Lambretta engine. SIL also produces limited spares for the GP/DL selection of scooters.   There is also a well established export trade in second-hand Lambrettas (and their derivatives), primarily to the UK market.
In the United States Of America, Scooters India Ltd licensed the Khurana Group USA LLC to manufacture and distribute scooters under the Lambretta brand. The initial release in 2008 were rebadged Adly models  of contemporary design, including a 49 cc DUE50, a 49 cc UNO50 in addition to a 150 cc UNO150.
You will still find clubs across Europe as well as the UK, both national and local clubs, dedicated to the Lambretta scooter. The clubs still participate and organize ride outs and rallies which regularly occur during weekends during the summer season and get high attendance, some rallies achieve 2,500 paying rally goers. Across the UK there are many privately owned scooter shops which deal with everything Lambretta, from sales, services, parts, tuning, performance and complete nut and bolt restorations.
(Artical taken from wiki and spun)
|Lambretta Model A B C Lc D Ld E F Tv Li J Gt Lui Vega Cometa Gp Dl Sx Innocenti|
Time Remaining: 28d 27m
Buy It Now for only: $59.87
Buy It Now | Add to watch list